Thursday, 15 February 2018

The 15 Best Olympics Movies, Ranked

As the Olympics are to ordinary sporting events, so too is the Olympics sports movie to the run-of-the-mill sports drama. Sure, they're both basically the same thing — a celebration of pageantry, a feast of human drama — but when you're talking about the Olympics, the stakes are always elevated. For one thing, they only take place once every four years. For another, unlike our so-called World Series, they actually bring together the entire planet in a global competition to determine who's really the best in every sport. Even in our fractured, distracted modern times, the Olympics remain something that brings everybody together. So it's no wonder that the movies about the Games are equally epic.

With the 2018 Winter Olympics in full swing, we decided to rank the 15 best Olympics movies ever made. And in the spirit of figure-skating judges, we're warning you ahead of time that this listing will be highly subjective. For one thing, we combined narrative films with nonfiction, including three documentaries that are among the highlights of Criterion's crazily comprehensive 100 Years of Olympics Films box set, which came out at the end of last year. And we ultimately decided not to rank this list based on how Olympics-heavy each film was: Munich got as much consideration as One Day in September.

So in between enjoying curling, the luge, the biathlon, and hockey, take a gander at our rundown. Because if there's anything more likely to unite a divided nation than the Winter Games, it's angry commenters taking issue with an online ranking of films.

15. Blades of Glory (2007)
This Will Ferrell comedy actually wrings most of its laughs out of the rival figure-skating combo to Ferrell and Jon Heder, the then-real-life couple of Will Arnett and Amy Poehler. The movie has its moments, and this was when Ferrell was more into the surrealistic aspect of his comedy than the family-friendly version you see today. It still seems a little too "look at the heterosexual men ice dancing" than you'd like, and it's not quite as anarchic as an Anchorman or Step Brothers. Fun fact: This is one of several movies unable to secure the rights to the Olympic name itself; the goal here is "the World Wintersport Games."

14. Without Limits (1996)
If you're keeping score, this was the movie about long-distance runner Steve Prefontaine that didn't have Jared Leto. This one — the better one, written and directed by Robert Towne — features Billy Crudup as Prefontaine and deftly leaps over most of the sports-movie clichés that the Leto film is unable to hurdle. It also features a fantastic performance from Donald Sutherland as Bill Bowerman, the loyal trainer and coach, as hackneyed a sports-movie staple as the Big Game itself. Unfortunately, Leto's movie came out first, and once it flopped, there was nowhere for this movie to go. If audiences didn't want to watch one movie about Steve Prefontaine, they certainly didn't want to watch two.

13. The Cutting Edge (1992)
This by-the-numbers sports romantic comedy has a semi-clever premise that represents what's likely the only way you could make a romantic comedy on ice: Former hockey player (D.B. Sweeney) gets a head injury and can't play hockey anymore, and is thus coupled with a spoiled figure skater (Moira Kelly) in the Olympic pairs competition. That the movie strains credulity — there is literally no one else other than this hockey player who knows how to skate? — but the two leads have enough chemistry to make it work. Silly, but unquestionably cheerful and ultimately winning. Also: It was written by Michael Clayton's Tony Gilroy, his first produced script.

12. Cool Runnings (1993)
Probably the first Winter Olympics movie that comes to mind, and that's worth something right there. Sort of a Rudy for bobsledding, this is a sports movie in which the goal isn't to win, but merely to stay in the game. The Jamaican bobsled team make up the perfectly charming underdogs, your proverbial frozen fish out of ocean water, but this movie's secret weapon is John Candy, showing a certain gravitas later in his career as the grizzled coach with a dark past and a chance at redemption. (Though Candy ever being a bobsledder strains credibility.) It pointed to a future for Candy that we never got to see come to fruition; it was the last of his movies released before he died.

11. Personal Best (1982)
Robert Towne is back on this list again — he must just really be into running? — with this story of team of women (led by Mariel Hemingway) training for the 1980 Olympics. If you just thought, "Hey, I thought we boycotted the 1980 Olympics," well, that's the movie: The women, realizing their Olympics dreams have been dashed, thus have to settle for their "personal best" scores as the pinnacle of their achievement. Towne handles this with warmth and empathy, and it's also worth noting that this was a mainstream studio movie made in 1982 that features its protagonist in a bisexual love triangle in a sensitive, mature way. (The movie was, perhaps inevitably, a box-office failure.)

10. I, Tonya (2017)
Arguments about the movie's tendency to play fast and loose with the facts of Tonya Harding's life and culpability in the Nancy Kerrigan crime aside, I, Tonya is a fun, waggy watch that isn't quite as smart or as deep as it wants to be; it never really decides whether we're all supposed to take this seriously or not, and thus the audience remains as confused as the movie is. There's still some greatness here, starting with Margot Robbie's committed performance, along with of course Allison Janney's withholding, cruel mother. Plus, the actual scenes of ice skating are sort of terrific. The movie isn't particularly well-shot otherwise, but it, like Tonya herself, is at its most comfortable on the ice, and in motion.

9. Visions of Eight (1973)
Film and television producer David L. Wolper had an idea: What if you hired a bunch of international directors to make their own mini-documentaries at the same sporting event? In the case of Visions of Eight, it was the 1972 Munich Olympics, and the collection of filmmakers included Milos Forman, Arthur Penn, and John Schlesinger. Like a lot of omnibus films, some sections of Visions of Eight are simply better than others. (A Man and a Woman director Claude Lelouch decided to focus on athletes who lose, offering a rare glimpse into outright failure in a sports film.) But the novelty of the approach has its quirky appeal, arguing that different people can be watching the same spectacle and come away with completely different takeaways. However, if you're looking for a movie that captures the terror of the Munich Olympics' darkest moment — the kidnap and murder of 11 Israeli athletes and coaches — Visions of Eight largely sidesteps the issue. (Don't worry: Two movies higher on this list tackle it more intensely.)

8. Miracle (2004)
Feel-good underdog sports flicks are a dime a dozen. But every once in a while, a movie comes along that just clicks, generating real suspense and real emotion, knocking all clichés and reservations aside. Director Gavin O'Connor's euphoric portrait of the U.S. men's hockey team, which despite long odds defeated its heavily favored rivals to win gold at the 1980 Winter Olympics, is a wonderful illustration of how to do one of these films right. Starring Kurt Russell as the cantankerous coach Herb Brooks, Miracle copies the winning formula of the team it chronicles, relying on unknown actors to portray this scrappy bunch of no-name athletes who put egos aside for the good of the club. Most viewers knew how Miracle played out — the title refers to the Americans' upset of the mighty Russian squad in the semifinal game, which was nicknamed the "Miracle on Ice" — but few sports flicks capture a sense of community and the unique personalities within it as well as O'Connor did. And, hey, the ending is absolutely dynamite.

7. Tokyo Olympiad (1965)
Almost ten years before Japanese filmmaker Kon Ichikawa was invited to take part in Visions of Eight, he made his own, better documentary about the atmosphere and pageantry of the Games. Tokyo Olympiad isn't the definitive portrait of the Summer Games — that's still coming up on our list — but it's a widescreen beauty that tries its best to cram weeks of athletic competition and spectacle into a three-hour running time. The 1964 Olympics were the first to be held in Asia, and part of the excitement of Tokyo Olympiad is watching Japan embrace the Games as their own. (In turn, Ichikawa suggests the bittersweet reality of his country becoming part of the modern world, letting go of the past while embracing the future.) And for marathon fans, the movie takes us deep into the sport, showing the resilience and exhaustion of those long-distance runners.

6. Chariots of Fire (1981)
Okay, so we can all agree that any number of movies — Raiders of the Lost Ark, Reds, Body Heat, heck, even On Golden Pond — should have won Best Picture over this, yes? Now that that's clear, this is still a formidable, occasionally stirring sports flick about two British runners pushing each other to be the best they can be while still fighting anti-Semitism and prejudice. The movie itself isn't terribly memorable, but it continues to stand the test of time, almost solely because of Vangelis's Oscar-winning score, which will run through your brain every single time you finish a long race, probably forever.

5. Munich (2005)
On September 5, 1972, at the Munich Olympics, 11 Israeli athletes and coaches were taken hostage by the Palestinian terrorist group Black September — a day later, all 11 were dead. Steven Spielberg's Oscar-nominated drama uses that tragedy as the leaping-off point for a mournful look at the limits of vengeance. A Mossad agent (played by Eric Bana) is selected to lead a task force to hit back at Palestine, and what's most shocking about Munich is how electrifying this thriller is. But the beautifully executed suspense sequences come with a sting in their tail, for Spielberg is seducing us with the same feverish desire for revenge that infects Bana's patriot — only slowly does he realize that he's on a quest for blood that can never be sated, and can never be resolved. A longtime champion of Israel — "I made this movie out of love for both of my countries, USA and Israel," he said at the time — Spielberg is nonetheless critical of an-eye-for-eye foreign policy, a tendency that has harmed both of his beloved nations. As a result, Munich remains one of his most divisive films, and one of his most morally nuanced.

4. Downhill Racer (1969)
How is it, exactly, that a movie starring Robert Redford as a skiing champion, with Gene Hackman as his coach, has been so forgotten? Michael Ritchie's 1969 character study about a prickly, conceited, overwhelmingly talented skier (Redford) who is unable to experience joy anywhere other than on the slopes is a welcome antidote to sports-movie clichés. As Roger Ebert put it, this is a movie about the way athletes actually are rather than the way we want them to be: They're full of themselves and arrogant and uncompromising … which is exactly what makes them champions. It's worth revisiting — it knows more about what makes athletes tick than almost any other sports film.

3. Olympia (1938)
As a piece of history and as an influential turning point in documentary cinema, Olympia remains indispensable 80 years after its release. Its backstory is almost as famous as the film itself: German director Leni Riefenstahl, after wowing Adolf Hitler with her expert piece of Nazi propaganda Triumph of the Will, got the go-ahead to make a movie about the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, which was meant to celebrate her homeland's athletic superiority. But unlike Triumph of the Will, Olympia is no hagiography — we see African-American sprinter Jesse Owens dominate the Games, along with medal-winners from other countries. Along the way, Riefenstahl helped popularize several elements of the sports documentary — slow-motion suspense, crowd shots, the emphasis on the individuals involved in these incredible athletic feats — that are still incorporated decades later. Beyond everything else, Riefenstahl (who went to her grave at age 101 swearing she wasn't a Nazi) created the template of how we think of the Olympics: as a massive event that celebrates the blood, sweat, tears, muscle, and will of athletes pushing themselves to the limit.

2. One Day in September (1999)
Chronicling the same tragedy alluded to in Munich, Kevin Macdonald's Oscar-winning documentary could be seen as a precursor to ESPN's "30 for 30" nonfiction formula, combining archival news footage and contemporary interviews to re-create a pivotal sports moment while offering a modern perspective on those events. But that would be to shortchange the grim, gripping tension of One Day in September, which seeks to explain why the death of 11 Israeli athletes and coaches during the 1972 Olympics was such a human and moral catastrophe — and precisely how it unfolded. Hitting theaters just a year before 9/11, One Day in September has a fresh resonance for all those who endured those U.S. attacks; Macdonald's movie captures the loss of innocence engineered by the Palestinian terrorists, who stripped from the Olympics the idea of peaceful competition and global goodwill. Knowing how that terrorist standoff ended up does nothing to prepare the viewer for this documentary's sobering resolution — and the painful realization that another attack could happen at any moment.

1. Foxcatcher (2014)
One of the reasons Americans watch the Olympics is to root for our athletes. It's a simple but powerful human impulse: We want our guys and gals to beat the people from those other countries so that we can have some bragging rights and maybe even feel a little superior. That competitive impulse is woven into the very fabric of the United States, so to pretend otherwise would simply be foolish. And yet, our pick for the best Olympic film ever made spits in the eye of that rationale. Foxcatcher is a dark, somewhat opaque retelling of the saga of Mark Schultz (Channing Tatum) and Dave Schultz (Mark Ruffalo), medal-winning wrestling brothers who fell under the sway of John du Pont (Steve Carell), a rich, eccentric man who wanted to bring glory to the U.S. at the 1988 Olympics by recruiting the brothers for his wrestling team. What follows is a study of ambition, class, brotherly rivalry, and competition that's far removed from the typical sports-movie tropes like winning the big game and growing as a person. Under the watchful eye of Moneyball director Bennett Miller, these characters are grappling with something far heavier and more mysterious: that ineffable American dream that insists we're all just one training montage or comeback victory away from greatness. Foxcatcher is a mournful, odd little movie, but its three leads play their unhappy characters with such conviction and urgency that it's hard not to get swept up in their interpersonal grudge match. During the actual Olympics, NBC will be focusing on feel-good narratives that celebrate the triumph of the human spirit. But Foxcatcher stands as a dark reminder of everything simmering underneath that sales job. There's nothing to cheer in this movie, but it's just as absorbing and riveting.

Grierson & Leitch write about the movies regularly and host a podcast on film. Follow them on Twitter or visit their site.

*Washington Township is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 687[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 66 (+10.6%) from the 621 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 184 (-22.9%) from the 805 counted in the 1990 Census.[18] Washington was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on November 19, 1802, from portions of Evesham Township, Little Egg Harbor Township and Northampton Township (now known as Mount Holly Township, New Jersey). Portions of the township were taken to form Shamong Township (February 19, 1852), Bass River Township (March 30, 1864), Woodland Township (March 7, 1866) and Randolph Township (March 17, 1870, reannexed to Washington Township on March 28, 1893).[19][20] The township was named for George Washington, one of more than ten communities statewide named for the first president.[21][22] It is one of five municipalities in the state of New Jersey with the name "Washington Township".[23] Another municipality, Washington Borough, is completely surrounded by Washington Township, Warren County. Contents 1 Geography 2 Demographics 2.1 Census 2010 2.2 Census 2000 3 Government 3.1 Local government 3.2 Federal, state and county representation 3.3 Politics 4 Education 5 Transportation 6 References 7 External links Geography According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 102.706 square miles (266.006 km2), including 99.522 square miles (257.761 km2) of land and 3.184 square miles (8.245 km2) of water (3.10%).[1][2] The township borders Bass River Township, Shamong Township, Tabernacle Township and Woodland Township in Burlington County; and Egg Harbor City, Hammonton and Port Republic in Atlantic County.[24] Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Batsto, Bear Swamp Hill, Bridgeport, Bulltown, Crowleytown, Friendship Bogs, Green Bank, Hermon, Hog Islands, Jemima Mount, Jenkins, Jenkins Neck, Lower Bank, Mount, Penn Place, Pleasant Mills, Quaker Bridge, Tylertown and Washington.[25] The township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve.[26] All of the township is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Burlington County, along with areas in Atlantic, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.[27] Demographics Historical population Census Pop. %± 1810 1,273 — 1820 1,225 -3.8% 1830 1,315 7.3% 1840 1,630 24.0% 1850 2,010 23.3% 1860 1,723 * -14.3% 1870 609 * -64.7% 1880 389 * -36.1% 1890 310 -20.3% 1900 617 99.0% 1910 597 -3.2% 1920 500 -16.2% 1930 478 -4.4% 1940 518 8.4% 1950 566 9.3% 1960 541 -4.4% 1970 673 24.4% 1980 808 20.1% 1990 805 -0.4% 2000 621 -22.9% 2010 687 10.6% Est. 2014 673 [11][28] -2.0% Population sources:1810-2000[29] 1810-1920[30] 1840[31] 1850-1870[32] 1850[33] 1870[34] 1880-1890[35] 1890-1910[36] 1910-1930[37] 1930-1990[38] 2000[39][40] 2010[8][9][10] * = Lost territory in previous decade.[19] Census 2010 At the 2010 United States Census, there were 687 people, 256 households, and 177.9 families residing in the township. The population density was 6.9 per square mile (2.7/km2). There were 284 housing units at an average density of 2.9 per square mile (1.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 93.89% (645) White, 1.89% (13) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 0.15% (1) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 3.64% (25) from other races, and 0.44% (3) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 9.02% (62) of the population.[8] There were 256 households, of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.16.[8] In the township, 18.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 33.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.9 years. For every 100 females there were 106.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males.[8] The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $96,250 (with a margin of error of +/- $21,869) and the median family income was $108,239 (+/- $9,762). Males had a median income of $19,946 (+/- $15,879) versus $41,250 (+/- $4,961) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,808 (+/- $10,822). About 0.0% of families and 21.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[41] Census 2000 As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 621 people, 160 households, and 112 families residing in the township. The population density was 6.2 people per square mile (2.4/km²). There were 171 housing units at an average density of 1.7 per square mile (0.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 83.57% White, 2.90% African American, 0.32% Asian, 12.08% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.07% of the population.[39][40] There were 160 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.3% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.27.[39][40] In the township the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 24.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.[39][40] The median income for a household in the township was $41,250, and the median income for a family was $42,188. Males had a median income of $32,000 versus $31,719 for females. The per capita income for the township was $13,977. About 8.0% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.4% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.[39][40] Government Local government Washington Township is governed under the Township form of government. The governing body is a three-member Township Committee, whose members are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[6][42] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor. As of 2015, the members of the Washington Township Council are Mayor Dudley Lewis (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2016; term as mayor ends 2015), Barry F. Cavileer (R, 2015) and Daniel L. James (R, 2017).[3][43][44][45][46] Federal, state and county representation Washington Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[47] and is part of New Jersey's 9th state legislative district.[9][48][49] New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[50] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[51] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[52][53] For the 2014-15 Session, the 9th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher J. Connors (R, Lacey Township) and in the General Assembly by DiAnne Gove (R, Long Beach Township) and Brian E. Rumpf (R, Little Egg Harbor Township).[54] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[55] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[56] Burlington County is governed by a Board of chosen freeholders, whose five members are elected at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year.[57] The board chooses a director and deputy director from among its members at an annual reorganization meeting held in January.[57] As of 2015, Burlington County's Freeholders are Director Mary Ann O'Brien (R, Medford Township, 2017; Director of Administration and Human Services),[58] Deputy Director Bruce Garganio (R, Florence Township, 2017; Director of Public Works and Health),[59] Aimee Belgard (D, Edgewater Park Township, 2015; Director of Hospital, Medical Services and Education)[60] Joseph Donnelly (R, Cinnaminson Township, 2016; Director of Public Safety, Natural Resources, and Education)[61] and Joanne Schwartz (D, Southampton Township, 2015; Director of Health and Corrections).[62][57] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Tim Tyler,[63] Sheriff Jean E. Stanfield[64] and Surrogate George T. Kotch.[65] Politics As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 536 registered voters in Washington Township, of which 85 (15.9% vs. 33.3% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 271 (50.6% vs. 23.9%) were registered as Republicans and 180 (33.6% vs. 42.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[66] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 78.0% (vs. 61.7% in Burlington County) were registered to vote, including 95.5% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 80.3% countywide).[66][67] In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 221 votes (59.2% vs. 40.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 142 votes (38.1% vs. 58.1%) and other candidates with 7 votes (1.9% vs. 1.0%), among the 373 ballots cast by the township's 533 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.0% (vs. 74.5% in Burlington County).[68][69] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 250 votes (57.9% vs. 39.9% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 168 votes (38.9% vs. 58.4%) and other candidates with 11 votes (2.5% vs. 1.0%), among the 432 ballots cast by the township's 545 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.3% (vs. 80.0% in Burlington County).[70] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 272 votes (62.1% vs. 46.0% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 160 votes (36.5% vs. 52.9%) and other candidates with 4 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 438 ballots cast by the township's 558 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.5% (vs. 78.8% in the whole county).[71] In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 156 votes (66.4% vs. 61.4% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 61 votes (26.0% vs. 35.8%) and other candidates with 10 votes (4.3% vs. 1.2%), among the 235 ballots cast by the township's 509 registered voters, yielding a 46.2% turnout (vs. 44.5% in the county).[72][73] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 186 votes (62.4% vs. 47.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 91 votes (30.5% vs. 44.5%), Independent Chris Daggett with 17 votes (5.7% vs. 4.8%) and other candidates with 2 votes (0.7% vs. 1.2%), among the 298 ballots cast by the township's 552 registered voters, yielding a 54.0% turnout (vs. 44.9% in the county).[74] Education The Washington Township School District serves students in public school for pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade at Green Bank Elementary School. As of the 2012-13 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 37 students and 4.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 7.81:1.[75] The school's $5.4 million building opened in September 2006.[76] Since the 2007-08 school year, as part of an agreement with the Mullica Township Schools, Washington Township receives teaching support from the Mullica district and shares its superintendent, business administrator and other support staff. Washington Township students in grades five through eight attend Mullica Township Middle School as part of a program that has expanded since it was initiated in the 2007-08 school year.[77][78][79][80] Students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Cedar Creek High School, which is located in the northern section of Egg Harbor City and opened to students in September 2010.[81] The school is one of three high schools operated as part of the Greater Egg Harbor Regional High School District, which also includes the constituent municipalities of Egg Harbor City, Galloway Township, Hamilton Township, and Mullica Township, and participates in sending/receiving relationships with Port Republic and Washington Township.[82][83] Cedar Creek High School is zoned to serve students from Egg Harbor City, Mullica Township, Port Republic and Washington Township, while students in portions of Galloway and Hamilton townships have the can attend Cedar Creek as an option or to participate in magnet programs at the school.[84][85] Prior to the opening of Cedar Creek, students from Washington Township had attended Oakcrest High School, together with students from Hamilton Township, Mullica Township and Port Republic.[86] Students from Washington Township, and from all of Burlington County, are eligible to attend the Burlington County Institute of Technology, a countywide public school district that serves the vocational and technical education needs of students at the high school and post-secondary level at its campuses in Medford and Westampton Township.[87] Transportation As of May 2010, the township had a total of 54.31 miles (87.40 km) of roadways, of which 29.32 miles (47.19 km) were maintained by the municipality and 24.99 miles (40.22 km) by Burlington County.[88] The only major roads that pass through are County Road 542 and County Road 563. Limited access roads are accessible in neighboring communities, including the Atlantic City Expressway in Hammonton and the Garden State Parkway in Galloway Township, Port Republic and Bass River Township.
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